barrel fever disease

Metal fume fever, also known as brass founders' ague, brass shakes, zinc shakes, galvie flu, metal dust fever, Welding Shivers, or Monday morning fever, is an illness primarily caused by exposure to …

It may also be caused by electroplated surfaces or metal-rich anti-corrosion paint, such as cadmium passivated steel or zinc chromate primer on aluminium aircraft parts. Metal fume fever, also known as brass founders' ague, brass shakes,[1] zinc shakes, galvie flu, metal dust fever, Welding Shivers, or Monday morning fever,[2] is an illness primarily caused by exposure to chemicals such as zinc oxide (ZnO), aluminium oxide (Al2O3), or magnesium oxide (MgO) which are produced as byproducts in the fumes that result when certain metals are heated. Puerperal fever, also called childbed fever, infection of some part of the female reproductive organs following childbirth or abortion.Cases of fever of 100.4 °F (38 °C) and higher during the first 10 days … [10], An interesting feature of metal fume fever involves rapid adaptation to the development of the syndrome following repeated metal oxide exposure. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. NiCd rechargeable batteries are being replaced by NiMH. Full recovery often requires one to three weeks. Patients may present with wheezing or crackles in the lungs. The first section consists of short fiction and the second half contains … [medical citation needed], Metal fume fever is due to the inhalation of certain metals, either as fine dust or most commonly as fumes. Cadmium is often replaced by other metals. Semmelweis later published The Etiology, Concept, and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever (1861). Squirrel Seeks Chipmunk: A Modest Bestiary,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Glen's Homophobia Newsletter Vol. This phenomenon of tolerance is what led to the name "Monday Fever". Puerperal fever, also called childbed fever, infection of some part of the female reproductive organs following childbirth or abortion. The signs and symptoms are generally flu-like. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Simple metal compounds such as oxides are equally capable of causing it. Barrel Fever and Other Stories is a 1994 collection of short stories and essays by David Sedaris.The book is divided into two sections. This article was most recently revised and updated by, [citation needed], In 2018, there were 259 cases of metal fume fever reported to the United States Poison Control Center. The essay tells of his experiences working as an elf at Macy's. Season's Greetings to Our Friends and Family!!! [5] In extreme cases, cadmium[6] (present in some older silver solder alloys) can cause loss of consciousness. The diagnosis is based primarily upon a history of exposure to metal oxide fumes.

Abortions performed in unhygienic surroundings commonly result in puerperal fever. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [9], The most plausible metabolic source of the symptoms is a dose-dependent release of certain cytokines, an event which occurs by inhaling metal oxide fumes that injure the lung cells. By whatever portal, they can invade the bloodstream and lymph system to cause septicemia (blood poisoning), cellulitis (inflammation of cellular tissue), and pelvic or generalized peritonitis (inflammation of the abdominal lining).

In the late 1840s German-Hungarian physician Ignaz Semmelweis, who was then working in an obstetric clinic in Vienna, discovered the infectious nature of puerperal fever and developed an antisepsis technique to prevent the condition. Chest X-ray abnormalities may also be present. The most famous of the essays is "SantaLand Diaries", the essay that made Sedaris famous when he read it on National Public Radio in 1992. The book is divided into two sections. His efforts led to a substantial reduction in the incidence of puerperal fever, and by the second half of the 20th century the infection was very rare in developed countries. Exposure has also been reported in use of lead-free ammunition, by the harder steel core stripping metal from the jacket of the bullet and barrel of the rifle. Omissions? ",, "Chemical Pneumonitis and Acute Lung Injury Caused by Inhalation of Nickel Fumes", "Diagnosing metal fume fever--an integrated approach", 2018 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 36th Annual Report, "Illness caused by welding fume and gases",, "Inorganic dust pneumonias: The metal-related parenchymal disorders", Coalworker's pneumoconiosis ("black lung"), Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, National Institute for Safety and Health at Work, Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981, Occupational Safety and Health Act (United States), National Day of Mourning (Canadian observance),, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 October 2020, at 14:40. This is not an allergic reaction, though allergic reactions to metal fumes can occur. Corrections? 3, No. In the case of non-allergic acute lung injury, standard or recommended approaches to treatment have not been defined. [12], Physical symptoms vary among persons exposed, depending largely upon the stage in the course of the syndrome during which examination occurs. Cases of fever of 100.4 °F (38 °C) and higher during the first 10 days following delivery or miscarriage are notifiable to the civil authority in most developed countries, and the notifying physician clarifies the diagnosis later, if possible.

The effects of particularly toxic compounds, such as nickel carbonyl, are not considered merely metal fume fever. 2. This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 07:10. These contain other toxic metals, such as chromium, vanadium and cerium. [citation needed], Exposure usually arises through hot metalworking processes, such as smelting and casting of zinc alloys, welding of galvanized metals, brazing, or soldering.

"[14], Prevention of metal fume fever in workers who are at risk (such as welders) involves avoidance of direct contact with potentially toxic fumes, improved engineering controls (exhaust ventilation systems), personal protective equipment (respirators), and education of workers regarding the features of the syndrome itself and proactive measures to prevent its development. Workers with a history of recurrent metal fume fever often develop a tolerance to the fumes. Although most women delivered at home, those who had to seek hospitalization because of poverty, illegitimacy, or obstetrical complications faced mortality rates ranging as high as 25–30 percent. Flu-like symptoms normally disappear within 24 to 48 hours. This tolerance, however, is transient, and only persists through the work week. This organism is also the cause of scarlet fever, which over the same period also declined markedly in severity and incidence. Delerium tremens or the D. T's. If the metal concerned is particularly high-risk, the residue from cold sanding processes may also cause fume fever, even if the dose is lower. Another reason for its decline appeared to be a lessening of the virulence or invasiveness of Streptococcus pyogenes. aspirin for headaches) as indicated. Some thought that the infection was induced by…. Barrel Fever and Other Stories is a 1994 collection of short stories and essays by David Sedaris. They include fever, chills, nausea, headache, fatigue, muscle aches, joint pains, lack of appetite, shortness of breath, pneumonia, chest pain, change in blood pressure, dizziness, and coughing. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What is Pickwickian syndrome associated with? Cain and Fletcher (2010) report a case of metal fume fever that was diagnosed only by taking a full occupational history and by close collaboration between primary and secondary health care personnel.

[10], Diagnosis is primarily anecdotal, that is, it depends upon a good occupational history. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [citation needed]. A common cause of death during childbirth before the widespread use of modern sanitary practices and antibiotics, puerperal infections occur when bacteria, usually, …involved in the problem of puerperal infection, the scourge of maternity hospitals throughout Europe. Zinc or nickel plating can be used instead of cadmium plating, and brazing filler alloys now rarely contain cadmium. Brazing and soldering can also cause metal poisoning due to exposure to lead, zinc, copper, or cadmium. "Metal fume fever: A case report and review of the literature", "Prevalence and association of welding related systemic and respiratory symptoms in welders", "Welding, Cutting, Brazing | Environmental Health & Safety - The University of Alabama", "Cadmium and you - working with Cadmium - are you at risk? Urban Dictionary and our advertising partners set cookies on your computer to improve our site and the advertisements you see. Other common sources are fuming silver, gold, platinum,[3] chromium[4] (from stainless steel), nickel, arsenic, manganese, beryllium, cadmium, cobalt, lead, selenium, and zinc.[5].


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