claudius family

Link -, There is some variation in usage; in strictly chronological contexts, it can be useful to distinguish between the long reign of Augustus and his Julio-Claudian (or. [citation needed] With Drusus dead and having had Germanicus' elder two sons Nero and Drusus convicted of treason and killed, along with their mother Agrippina, Tiberius appointed Caligula, Germanicus' youngest son, and Tiberius Gemellus, the son of Drusus the Younger and grandson of Tiberius, co-heirs. Tradition has it that Claudius' wife Agrippina, now secure in her son's future, killed her husband by means of a poison mushroom on October 13, A.D. 54. Claudia Ap. Aelius Spartianus, "The Life of Septimius Severus", 1. "My ancestors, the most ancient of whom was made at once a citizen and a noble of Rome, encourage me to govern by the same policy of transferring to this city all conspicuous merit, wherever found. But in fact there are other figures in Roman history named "Appius", and in later times the name was used by plebeian families such as the Junii and the Annii. Roman family names were inherited from father to son, but a Roman aristocrat could – either during his life or in his will – adopt an heir if he lacked a natural son.

As the emperor, he is credited to have expanded the Roman Empire to include Britain as a province. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more. The younger Agrippina was a daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder, as well as Caligula's sister. [13], Pulcher, the surname of the next major branch of the Claudia gens, means beautiful, although it may be that the cognomen was given ironically. n., sister of the praetors of 89 and 73 BC, married Quintus Marcius Philippus. As such, Augustus' adopted name would have been "Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus". And you thought your family was disfunctional.

Publius Claudius Ap. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). On Tiberius' request, Germanicus was granted proconsular power and assumed command in the prime military zone of Germania, where he suppressed the mutiny there and led the formerly restless legions on campaigns against Germanic tribes from AD 14 to 16. Through Agrippina, Germanicus' children – including Caligula – were Augustus' great-grandchildren. As a young man Claudius was made a member of various religious colleges, but he became consul only under the reign of his older brother’s son Gaius (Caligula) in 37.

9, 12-17, 30, 32; xi. Rome's second Emperor died at the port town of Misenum on 16 March AD 37, at the age of 78 years, having reigned for 23 years. The gens Claudia (Latin: [ˈklau̯dɪ.a]), sometimes written Clodia, was one of the most prominent patrician houses at ancient Rome. [citation needed], Despite his difficult relationship with the Senate, Tiberius' first years were generally good. Claudius(2), Drusus(1), Marcellus, Julia, Agrippa, Germanicus, Gaius, Lucius, Postumus, Augustus (Don't eat the figs) Claudia Ap. Nero succeeded him as emperor. Marcus Claudius M. f. M. n. Marcellus, son of the consul of 166 BC. With his death, the reign of the Julio-Claudian dynasty came to an end. [See Timeline.]. This is not a necessary assumption, however, since the emperor Tiberius named his son after his brother rather than himself. [19] The Claudii Pulchri were an extensive family, which supplied the Republic with several consuls, and survived into imperial times. f. M. n. Sabinus Regillensis, Appius Claudius C. f. Ap. [citation needed], Lacking any male child and heir, Augustus married his only child -- a daughter -- Julia to his nephew Marcus Claudius Marcellus. As a cognomen, Claudus is occasionally found in other gentes. In 1840 there was 1 Claudius family living in New York.

23, 44, 45, 54-56; xliv. Claudius' mother was Mark Antony's and Augustus' sister Octavia Minor's daughter, Antonia. Caligula was the great-nephew and adoptive grandson (via the adoption of his father Germanicus) of Tiberius; his father was the son of Tiberius' brother Drusus. Einen Experten beauftragen. Within a year of Nero's suicide in AD 68, the Julio-Claudian dynasty was succeeded by the Flavian emperors following a brief civil war over the vacant Imperial throne.

He composed 20 books of Etruscan and 8 books of Carthaginian history, all in Greek; an autobiography; and a historical treatise on the Roman alphabet with suggestions for orthographical reform—which as emperor he later tried not very successfully to implement. f. (Ap. [i][6] At this time, the fledgling Republic was engaged in regular warfare with the Sabines, and Clausus is said to have been the leader of a faction seeking to end the conflict. Gaius Claudius Canina, grandfather of Gaius Claudius Canina, the consul of 285 BC. According to the biographer Suetonius in Claudius, during a period of troubles Claudius expelled the Jews from Rome for a short time; Christians may have been involved. This was 100% of all the recorded Claudius's in the USA. The surnames of the plebeian Claudii were Asellus, Canina, Centumalus, Cicero, Flamen, Glaber, and Marcellus. [citation needed], Despite his lack of political experience, and the disapproval of the people of Rome, Claudius proved to be an able administrator and a great builder of public works. Tacitus writes: Source: Claudius (41-54 A.D.) - DIR and James Romm's Dying Every Day: Seneca at the Court of Nero. [citation needed], Augustus (Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus), as Caesar's adopted son and heir, discarded the family name of his natural father and initially renamed himself "Gaius Julius Caesar" after his adoptive father. To fund this, the provinces were heavily taxed following the fire. See also Clodius for members of the gens who used the alternate spelling of the name primarily or solely. He had previously had Drusilla's first husband Lucius Cassius Longinus killed and upon the death of Agrippina's husband Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, he seized his inheritance. [citation needed] These events are recounted in book 12 of the Annals of Tacitus, book 61 of Cassius Dio’s Roman History, and in the biographies of Nero and Cladius by Seutonius.

Marcus Claudius M. f. (M. n.) Marcellus, father of the consul of 222 BC. Publius Claudius Ti.

However, he was born into the Domitii Ahenobarbi on his father's side. [21], Caecus, the surname of one of the Claudii Crassi, refers to the condition of his blindness, which is well-attested, although it appears that he did not become blind until his old age. Vacancies after the conspiracy allowed Nymphidius Sabinus, a grandson of former imperial freedman Gaius Julius Callistus, who claimed to be an illegitimate son of Caligula, to rise in the Praetorian Guard.

He also wrote on dice playing, of which he was fond. As a son of Antonia, Claudius was a great-nephew of Augustus. Maternus Tiberius Claudius, consul in AD 185. A famous example of this custom is Julius Caesar's adoption of his great-nephew, Gaius Octavius. 43–46. Broughton, vol. Initially, the attitude of the Senate was at best ambiguous. There was, however, little cordiality between the two.

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