geographical facts about moscow

By 1700, the building of cobbled roads had begun. Perhaps the most recognizable contributions of the Stalinist period are the so-called Seven Sisters, seven massive skyscrapers scattered throughout the city at about an equal distance from the Kremlin.

In recent years, some territories have been merged with different districts. [15][21], The name of the city is thought to be derived from the name of the Moskva River. The number of Illegal immigrants, the vast majority originating from Central Asia, is estimated to be an additional 1 million people,[80] giving a total population of about 14.3 million. The manufacturers will be responsible for the quality and reliable operation of the buses and charging stations for the next 15 years. [202] There are many smaller railway stations in Moscow. The Moscow Metro operates a short monorail line. [170], In 2008, Moscow ranked top on the list of most expensive cities for the third year in a row. [111] The Tretyakov Gallery is split into two buildings. Elites called for improving sanitation, which became part of Catherine's plans for increasing control over social life. (Soviet man). When Napoleon invaded Russia in 1812, the Moscovites were evacuated. Its towers and some of its churches were built by Italian architects, lending the city some of the aurae of the renaissance. At the time it was a minor town on the western border of Vladimir-Suzdal Principality. Moscow is served by a comprehensive transit network, which includes four international airports,[19][20] nine railway terminals, a tram system, a monorail system, and most notably the Moscow Metro, the busiest metro system in Europe, and one of the largest rapid transit systems in the world. Alexander M. Martin, "Sewage and the City: Filth, Smell, and Representations of Urban Life in Moscow, 1770–1880", Sarah Davies, Popular Opinion in Stalin's Russia: Terror, Propaganda and Dissent, 1934–1941, Simon Montefiore, The Court of the Red Tsar, Great Soviet Encyclopedia, Moscow, 1973–78, entry "Battle of Moscow 1941–42". Moscow has a bus terminal for long-range and intercity passenger buses (Central Bus Terminal) with a daily turnover of about 25 thousand passengers serving about 40% of long-range bus routes in Moscow.[197]. Before 2004, state unitary enterprises were responsible to produce and supply heat to the clients by the operation of heating stations and heating distribution system of Mosgorteplo, Mosteploenergo and Teploremontnaladka which gave service to the heating substations in the north-eastern part of the city. The park covers 300,000 square meters. [citation needed], The oldest evidence of humans on the territory of Moscow dates from the Neolithic Period (Schukinskaya site on the Moscow River). While using the same rails as "regular" uburban trains to vokzals, MCD trains ("Ivolga" model) got distinguishing features (shape; red cabin, different windows, lesser amount of seats; big red "MЦΔ" train logo (informally "ЯИЦА" train logo, due to overlap of letter M and a window: without upper left corner, M letter can be interpreted as ЯИ letters, and Δ letter can be both interpreted as stylized Д or as stylized А)). [175], There are 1,696 high schools in Moscow, as well as 91 colleges. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the three circular defences were built: Kitay-gorod (Китай-город), the White City (Белый город) and the Earthen City (Земляной город). The plague epidemics ravaged Moscow in 1570–1571, 1592 and 1654–1656. The Moscow Times", The absolute record of realty cost is broken, World's most expensive cities – Buy a House: MLS Listings & Home Buying Tips – MSN Real Estate, "Moscow Nose-Dives in Global Living Cost Rankings", "Europe falls behind USA in cost of living", "The Official Site of the Moscow Conservatory", "Moscow State Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI)", "The official homepage of the Russian State Library", Official site of the State Public Historical Library, "My Family's Experiment in Extreme Schooling", "How Moscow's new light rail system will make life easier for passengers", "The people's palace: exploring Moscow Metro's evolving designs", "В Москве вышел на линию 500-й электробус", "First electric buses have started operating in Moscow in regular transport", "The long trip to Vityaz or the story of the Moscow tram system", "Гонки на такси: на чем быстрее и дешевле ездить", Оцифрованные шашки: как технологии перекроили рынок такси / РБК Инновации, "Moscow Central Diameters, Russia, opens to the public", "Москва вышла в мировые лидеры по парку каршеринга", "Moscow's Car Sharing Market Becomes Biggest in Europe, Mayor Says", "Here Is the Future of Car Sharing, and Carmakers Should Be Terrified", "Ъ-Санкт-Петербург – Девелопер на перепутье", "Ъ–ПИК построил меньше, а AFI Development получила убыток", "Города-побратимы Алматы – жемчужины Центральной Азии", "Weltweite Kontakte: Türöffner für Bürger, Wirtschaft und Kultur", "Hanoi Days in Moscow help sister cities", "Djarot to visit Moscow to extend sister city agreement", "The Twin Cities of Oxford, Cambridge and London", "Twin-cities celebrate India-Russia connect", "Города-побратимы Астаны: что такое породненные города и зачем они нужны", "Protocol of friendly ties between the cities of Bangkok and Moscow", "Kyiv and Moscow – no longer twin cities", "Moscow tops European ranking in digital innovation", Interactive map of housing in Moscow from 1785-2018, Travel2moscow.com – Official Moscow Guide, Institutional seats of the European Union, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moscow&oldid=984163206, Populated places established in the 12th century, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from October 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles containing Lithuanian-language text, Articles containing Latvian-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles containing Old East Slavic-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles containing Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928)-language text, Articles containing Chuvash-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2020, All articles needing additional references, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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