prime minister from yorkshire
[119], Immediate further pressure to remove the Lords' veto now came from the Irish MPs, who wanted to remove the Lords' ability to block the introduction of Irish Home Rule. [392] His achievement in creating a government was considerable, given that almost all of the senior Liberals sided with Asquith. [g][77] With a balanced budget, and a realistic assessment of future public expenditure, Asquith was able, in his second and third budgets, to lay the foundations for limited redistribution of wealth and welfare provisions for the poor. [150] After 1910, though, Irish Nationalist votes were essential to stay in power. Among the topics that caused debate among Liberals were British imperialism, the union of Great Britain and Ireland, and female suffrage. In this regard, some senior military officers were extremely active. For his son, the poet, see, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916. Lloyd George now had growing Unionist support, the backing of Labour and (thanks to the efforts of Christopher Addison) a majority of Liberal MPs. "[139], In 1906 suffragettes Annie Kenney, Adelaide Knight, and Jane Sbarborough were arrested when they tried to obtain an audience with Asquith. Asquith mediated among his colleagues and secured a compromise whereby four ships would be laid down at once, and four more if there proved to be a need. "[574] Lord Curzon extolled his skill in parliamentary dialectic; "Whenever I have heard him on a first-rate occasion, there rises in my mind the image of some great military parade. "[567] According to Koss, Asquith's memory, "has lingered over the successive crises that continued to afflict his party. In 1887 and 1888 he defended the radical Liberal MP, Cunninghame Graham, who was charged with assaulting police officers when they attempted to break up a demonstration in Trafalgar Square. [457], Criticism of Asquith's weak leadership continued. This was just as well, as it had become clear that Labour were going to fight the seat hard and they defeated Sir John Simon when Lloyd George insisted on splitting the Liberal vote by running a Coalition Liberal candidate. These talks failed in November over Conservative insistence that there be no limits on the Lords's ability to veto Irish Home Rule. I fully accept in letter and in spirit your summary of the suggested arrangement—subject of course to personnel. [76] However, Asquith's first budget, in 1906, was constrained by the annual income and expenditure plans he had inherited from his predecessor Austen Chamberlain. [460] Coming out for Free Trade himself, Lloyd George was obliged, at least formally, to submit to Asquith's leadership. [460][482] Asquith won with 33.4 per cent of the vote. For other uses, see, "Herbert Asquith" redirects here. By Greg Wright Tuesday, 20th October 2020, 2:42 pm "[316] They are also contradicted by events; Northcliffe met with Lloyd George on each of the three days just prior to Lloyd George's resignation, on 1, 2, and 3 December,[317] including two meetings on 1 December, both before and after Lloyd George put his revised proposals for the War Council to Asquith. Asquith had with some difficulty been persuaded to make the maximum possible reference to his renewed alliance with Grey, but Haldane had refused to join the platform. [323] This Law presented to Asquith, who committed to reply on Monday the following week. [393] Balfour's acceptance of the Foreign Office made it possible. [531] On his return to The Wharf, in autumn 1927, he was unable to get out of his car and "he was never again able to go upstairs to his own room. "[276] This despondency was compounded, for the nation, if not for his colleagues, when Lord Kitchener was killed in the sinking of HMS Hampshire on 5 June. Labour exchanges, the introduction of unemployment and health insurance … reflected the reforms the government was able to achieve despite the problem of the Lords. [527] Violet was highly embarrassed by her step-mother's attempts to enlist the aid of Aitken, Lord Reading and others of her husband's friends and acquaintances. This would see a War Council of three, the two Service ministers and a third without portfolio. This was used for such a purpose as to influence the female vote very much against you. "[203] Lloyd George's counter view was expressed in a letter of early 1916 in which he asked "whether I have a right to express an independent view on the War or must (be) a pure advocate of opinions expressed by my military advisers? "[287], The events that led to the collapse of the First Coalition were exhaustively chronicled by almost all of the major participants,[288] (although Asquith himself was a notable exception), and have been minutely studied by historians in the 100 years since. [260] It also further widened the divide between Asquith and Lloyd George, and encouraged the latter in his plans for government reconstruction; "Mr. A gets very few cheers nowadays. "[560] Grigg concludes, "In certain vital respects, he was not qualified to run the war. Jenkins, with a reference to Asquith's own reputation in that sphere, comments that Asquith did his personal best to reverse the downward trend in alcohol sales. However, Lloyd George had more support amongst the wider party than amongst the grandees. [220] Significant though the loss was personally, its impact on Asquith politically can be overstated. A clubbable man, he enjoyed "the companionship of clever and attractive women" even more. Prime Minister Boris Johnson making … [491], As Asquith brought MacDonald in so, later in the same year, he had significant responsibility for forcing him out over the Campbell Case and the Russian Treaty. Stephen E. "The Destruction of Britain's Last Liberal Government", Little, John Gordon. [59] Asquith bought a house in Surrey, and hired nannies and other domestic staff. His bride, Helen Kelsall Melland (1854–1891), was the daughter of Frederick Melland, a physician in Manchester. Lord Tweedmouth, the First Lord of the Admiralty, was relegated to the nominal post of Lord President of the Council. "[497], It was a political, as well as a personal, disaster. We were at War. [243] This made the voluntary system increasingly untenable; Asquith's daughter Violet wrote in March 1915; "Gradually every man with the average number of limbs and faculties is being sucked out to the war. Asquith and Lloyd George reached agreement on 13 November, followed by a Free Trade manifesto, followed by a more general one. Richard Haldane, a close friend of Asquith's and also a struggling young barrister, had been Liberal MP for the nearby Haddingtonshire constituency since December 1885. His role in creating the modern British welfare state (1906–1911) has been celebrated, but his weaknesses as a war leader and as a party leader after 1914 have been highlighted by historians. ", Tom Curran, "Who was responsible for the Dardanelles naval fiasco?. [166] The armaments matter was put to the side during the domestic crises over the 1909 budget and then the Parliament Act, though the building of warships continued at an accelerated rate. [459] In fact Asquith spoke in the House of Commons far more frequently than he had ever previously done when not a minister. Lloyd George considered that a munitions department, under his control, was essential to co-ordinate "the nation's entire engineering capacity". [64] Matthew writes that his income as a QC in the following years was around £5,000 to £10,000 per annum (around £500,000–£1,000,000 at 2015 prices). "[10] Matthew deemed the decision Asquith's, in that without prime ministerial support, it was not likely Britain would have entered the war. [161], Within a month of the start of Asquith's tenure at the War Office, the UVF landed a large cargo of guns and ammunition at Larne, but the Cabinet did not deem it prudent to arrest their leaders. Kinnear writes that Asquith felt that with Lloyd George's faction declining in strength he had everything to gain by waiting, while too quick an approach would antagonise the Labour leaders who hated Lloyd George and whose support he might need for a future Lib-Lab coalition. The Conservatives and Liberal Unionists jointly outnumbered the Liberals in the Commons, which, together with a permanent Unionist majority in the House of Lords, restricted the government's capacity to put reforming measures in place. [432] Asquith assumed his own seat would be safe and spent only two and half days there, speaking only to closed meetings; in one speech there on 11 December he conceded that he did not want to "displace" the current government. [122] The cabinet finally decided to back a plan based on Campbell-Bannerman's, that a bill passed by the Commons in three consecutive annual sessions would become law notwithstanding the Lords' objections. Gilmour[370] and Adams. Most Liberal parliamentarians remained intensely loyal to him, and felt that he alone should not be left to face the criticism.


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