what does the house of representatives do
However, they should switch to contractionary fiscal policy during the boom phase of the business cycle, Raising taxes and cutting spending would slow growth, and avoid irrational exuberance. Majority and minority leaders represent their respective parties on the House floor. The House of Representatives is sometimes just referred to as "the House" or the "lower" chamber of Congress. The other chamber is the Senate. She writes about the U.S. Economy for The Balance. 9) The House of Representatives has the power to impeach an elected official. Use the Find Your Representative box in the banner of this site to identify your representative, then use the contact form to share your thoughts. State representatives have the ability to set taxes and make decisions regarding how tax money is spent, to the betterment of their district, state and county. The Committee on Ethics has jurisdiction over the rules and statutes governing the conduct of members, officers and employees while performing their official duties. To be elected, a representative must be at least 25 years old, a United States citizen for at least seven years and an inhabitant of the state he or she represents. Here there is a continuous body idea. Minority Leader - The Minority Leader is the head of the minority party. Diffen.com. So only 34 or 33 senators are up for election at one time. In cases of impeachment (e.g., Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1998), the House determines if charges can be brought against the official, and a simple majority vote approves or rejects the filing of charges (the impeachment process). Congress has the power to subpoena any citizen. TTY: 202-225-1904, Learn more about the history of the majority and minority leaders from the Office of the Clerk. The Speaker is elected from the members of the majority party (today this is either the Republicans or Democrats). Makes laws—The House's central function and the one which takes up most of its time is the consideration and passing of new laws and amendments or changes to existing laws.Any Member can introduce a proposed law (bill) but most are introduced by the Government. The speaker is also third in line to the presidency, after the vice president. Article I, Section II of the Constitution mandates that every state has a least one representative. The House is led by the Speaker. The Constitution outlined how the House represents states based on population versus the Senate's equal representation. In both chambers, incumbents have a great advantage over challengers, winning more than 90% of all contested races. Represents the people in a democracy like the United States. For example, those from rural states would do well by sitting on the Agriculture Committee. Most of Congress' work takes place in committees. The Rules Committee has an online Parliamentary Bootcamp that gives an overview of House Floor procedures, process and precedents. Under the 12th Amendment to the Constitution, if no candidate for President or … What Is the Federal Reserve and What Does It Do? The United States Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government and consists of two houses: the lower house known as the House of Representatives and the upper house known as the Senate.The words "Congress" and "House" are sometimes used colloquially to refer to the House of Representatives. The members sit in a number of chairs that form a semicircle. Each party also holds conferences, called caucuses, to determine how the party will stand on an issue. The Rules of the House of Representatives for the 116th Congress were established by the House with the adoption of H. Res. Although useful for zeroing in on key issues, the proliferation of committees, and especially subcommittees, has decentralized the legislative process and significantly slowed it, making Congress less responsive to changing trends and needs. In an ideal world, fiscal policy would work together with monetary policy in creating healthy economic growth. Federal and Supreme Court rulings have overturned gerrymandering efforts that have been perceived to be based on race, but otherwise some districts have been reconfigured to give one or another party an extreme political advantage, thus allowing that party to secure more power in the state and in the House of Representatives. Once the floor is ceded to a senator, he or she can speak for as long as the senator chooses, on any topic; no other business can be transacted while the person speaks. As per the Constitution, the U.S. House of Representatives makes and passes federal laws.


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